Hispanic unemployment rate falls sharply in September, but fewer workers join labor force

A “Now Hiring” sign is displayed during a job fair for Hispanic professionals in Miami, Florida.
Marco Bello | Bloomberg | Getty Images

The unemployment rate among Hispanic workers dropped sharply in September, but that could be due to fewer eligible adults looking for a job.

Hispanic workers saw their unemployment rate fall to 3.8% in September from 4.5% in August. Broken down by gender, unemployment hit 3.2% among Hispanic males over 20 years old and 3.6% among female Hispanic workers.

The decline is much bigger than the one seen at the country level. The government said the overall U.S. unemployment rate fell to 3.5% from 3.7% in August, reaching its lowest level since July. As far as jobs are concerned, 263,000 were created last month, slightly less than a Dow Jones forecast of 275,000.

Despite the downtick in unemployment, Hispanics saw a sharp decline in labor force participation, which tracks how many people are employed or searching for work. It fell to 66.1% from 66.8% in August, indicating fewer individuals are finding employment or searching for work as the employment-to-population ratio tracking the proportion of the population employed ticked down to 63.5%.

“That decline from 4.5% in August to 3.8%, while really significant, has to be tempered by the fact that clearly, LatinX workers withdrew from the workforce,” said Michelle Holder, a distinguished senior fellow at Washington Center for Equitable Growth. Many Hispanic workers do seek employment in some areas of the market heavily impacted by Federal Reserve interest rate hikes, she added.

While Hispanic workers saw the biggest declines on a month-to-month basis, she noted that Black women have still seen the sharpest decline in labor force participation since the start of the pandemic.

While the decline in participation is a reason for concern, areas of the labor market where Hispanic workers are overrepresented did experience significant gains in September, noted William Spriggs, chief economist of the AFL-CIO. This includes leisure and hospitality and construction where payrolls increased 83,000 and 19,000, respectively.

He does, however, see downsides to these findings.

“This is disturbing because it means Hispanic workers are finding great difficulty moving out of their pockets and the big story of this recovery has been the success of women and black workers to move out of the trap of just being in low-wage industries,” he said.

Fluctuations in the employment market tend to show up among Black and Hispanic workers first, Spriggs said, noting that unemployment among Black workers ticked down and labor force participation rose after two months of a concerning trend of rising unemployment and declining participation.

“The good news for Black workers is in many ways wiped out for Hispanic workers,” he said.

To be sure, Valerie Wilson, director of the Economic Policy Institute’s program on race, ethnicity and the economy, says individuals should hold off on drawing conclusions from one month of data.

Fluctuations are common in reports like this and require several consecutive months of a similar move before one can deduce a trend.

“It’s still hard to understand whether we’re just seeing volatility in the series because it’s a smaller sample size,” Wilson said.

— CNBC’s Gabriel Cortes contributed reporting

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